journal indo-china 2008
Indo-China 2008 Travel Journal
Oct 19, 2008 Sun
Built in 900AD to 1300AD
It took 100 years to built. Built around early 12th century.
A temple dedicated to Vishnu.
65 meter for the first level
below Meru is a thousand mountains
below is the ocean - moats
below is the earth
body of a serpent
temples oriented to four direction
believe in karma
carvings were created after rocks are locked
some are pre carved
sandstones here are not carved
only pillar in front are carved
|08:51||angkor east entrance|
|09:19||churning of the milky ocean|
|09:40||angkor main towers|
|09:53||king of kalis|
|10:05||center of universe|
|10:07||hall of hundred buddha or tourists|
|10:11||angkor balloon and palm tree|
|10:29||stag beetle fight|
|10:30||stag beetle death match|
|10:30||stag beetle fight|
|10:30||killer stag beetle|
|10:59||angkor wat ballon|
|11:35||stone lion in angkor thom|
|11:39||hand of leper king|
|11:44||charoits in the khmer-cham war|
|11:51||elephant trunks in elephant terrace|
pre: leaper king
|12:10||face of jayavarman vii|
|12:11||faces of buddha and jayavarman|
|12:15||charoit of war|
|12:18||side face of jayavarman|
|12:27||twin faces of jayavarman|
|12:28||bayon temple roof|
|12:32||bayon temple complex|
|12:37||south gate of angkor thom|
|12:39||demons of churning of the milky sea|
|12:39|| angels of churning of the milky sea |
tug of war of the milky galaxy
Cost 4.5US$, the food is excellent
It serves in a coconut shell
|13:15||bbq suki and seafood|
|13:15||lunch before angkor wat|
6 pair socks
1 t shirt
Entry: 12 US$. It is as expensive as a western museum, I almost thought it was a scam. But like the salesman say, it's good. I spent 5 hour to milk the museum dry. It's a well spent 12US$.
This is what I have learnt from the National Museum:
Period of Cambodian History:
Pre-ANGKORIAN 1st-8th CENTURY
Angkorian 9th to 13th century
Post Angkorian 14th to 20th AD
Fu Nan 1st to 600 AD
Chenla 600 to 800 AD
Vishnu has four arms: front top right to down left: disc for fire, shell for water, ball for earth and mace for wind
Brahma is God of Creation.
Vishnu is for preservation.
Shiva is for dissolution.
Vishnu has 10 reincarnations, including Rama and Christina
Narasimha is the fourth, liked a lion, defeat demon Hiranyakashipu.
He rides Garuda, a half bird half man creature.
Buddhism has 2 vehicles: Hinayana: lesser Vehicle, Mahayana greater vehicle.
Mahayana believes in the existence of many Bodhisattvas, while Hinayana believes in only one.
Indra, god of war is east, use lightening bolt, ride 3 headed elephant rose from sea of milk.
Yama, lord of death is south
Kala is the lion head thing
Linga has 3 parts
top circular is shiva
mid Octagonal means Vishnu
cubic base means 4 faces of Brahma and four directions
if it has a face, it is call Mukhalinga
Yama lord of death
naga important in Cambodia because it was formed by the marriage of the daughter of a naga king
Vishnu also slept on a naga before the churning of the sea of milk
naga is also the string in tug of war
naga has 7 or 5 heads, always odd number
King: Jayavarman II
year: 802 AD to 805 AD
temples: Ak Yum (a brick stepped pyramid)
Treated as the first Emperor of the Khmers Angkor Kingdom. He died at around 805AD, and received the posthumous name of Paramesvara, "the supreme lord of Shiva." Everybody wrote about him but he didn't leave any writing himself. So basically a mysterious figure.
King: Indravarman I
year: 877 to 890 AD
temples: Preah ko, Bakong
style: Preah Ko
Indravarman I was not too legitimate at birth and had to fight his was to power. He was the nephew of the Queen.
He was credited for the building program at Angkor. He set the foundations for the future Angkorian kings to follow. He also built a big reservoir.
King: Yasovarman I
year: 889 to 910 AD
temples: Lolei , Phnom [[Bakeng]], East Baray
The son of Indravarman I, he beat his brother to the throne.
He moved capital from Hariharalaya to Yashodharapura where it remained there for 500 years.
King: Jayavarman IV
year: 928 to 941 AD
temples: Koh Ker
style: Koh Ker
This guy also had to fight his way to the throne.
King: Rajendravarman II
year: 944 to 968 AD
temples: Banteay Srei, Pre Rup, East Mebon
style: Pre Rup
King: Suryavarman I
year: 1010 to 1050 AD
temples: Prasat Preah Vihear on Dangrek Mountain, and Prasat Phimeanakas, West Baray
Suryavarman I was a Buddhist who was said be of Malaysian origin.
He claimed to be the son of the Brahmin Kaundinya and Princess Soma.
After nine years of war, Suryavarman I won the throne.
King: Udayadityavarman II
year: 1050 - 1066 A.D.
temples: Baphuon, Sdok Kak Thom
was the successor of Suryavarman I but not his son; he descended from Yasovarman I's spouse. He built the Baphuon Temple to honor the god Shiva, but some of the sculptures are dedicated to Buddha.
King: Suryavarman II
year: 1113 A.D. to 1145-1150 A.D.
temples: Angkor Wat,Beng Mealea
style: Angkor Wat
He is the Angkor Wat guy. He reunited the empire. He wroshipped Vishnu rather than Shiva. He tried to invade Vietnam (Dai-Viet) with the Chams but failed. But most of his other campaigns were successful. He also established formal embassy relation with China.
King: Jayavarman VII
year: 1125 - 1215 AD
temples: Angkor Thom, Bayon, Preah Khan (for his father), Ta Prohm (for his mother), Ta Som, Neak Pean
He was the main guy in Angkor Wat. Known as the Buddha King. He defeated the Chams and was responsible for most of the tourist attractions around Angkor Wat. He built 121 rest houses and 102 hospitals.
two types: foliage and scene
foliage branch usually ends with Makara, monster that sinks ship
surya - sun on chariot of horses
chandra - moon sit on pedestal
yama - on buffalo
varuna - god of west ride goose
indra - east, ride 3 headed elephant
kubera - god of wealth and north
agni - god of fire , south west ride sheep
rahu ? god of eclipses, hidden by cloud
ketu ? god of comets, ride on lion
Brahma, I'm not sure who his wife is.
Vishnu, wife Laksmi
Shiva, wife Uma or Pravati
according to George Coedes, is a replica of the Universe in stone and represents an earthly model of the cosmic world.
The main tower rises from the centre of the monument and symbolizes the mythical mount meru, situated at the center of the Universe. Its five towers correspond to the five peaks of mount meru, the outer gallery of the monument represents the mountains at the edge of the world, and the surrounding moat represents the oceans beyond.
temple face west because it is dedicated to Vishnu who is the god of the west
from the book Mahabharata
devas held tail
asuras (demons) held head
the naga is Vasuki
devas and demons fought for Amrita (the Elixir for Immortality) but no result
so Vishnu asked them to work together.
so they churn the milk of ocean
used mount madara as the pivot and Basuki as the rope
later mountain sank so Vishnu incarnated himself as the tortoise Kurma and used his back to support the mountain.
before producing the Amrita (elixir of immortality), the ocean of milk was churned for another 1000 years
also produced Lakshmi (wife of Vishnu), the elephant Airavata, the horse Ucchaishravas, a wishing tree and a lovely Apsaras.
Once produced, fight between devas and asuras to get Amrita. Vishnu intervened and helped gods to win. When peace was made, Indra was reinstalled as the king of gods.
tatsya the fish
kurma the turtle
varaha the boar
narasimha the human with lion head
vamana the dwarf
parasurama the man with axe
rama from the reamkerti epic
and kalkin (man with horse head)
Lokeshvara (buddha of compassion) also got 4 arms, holding rosary, book, vase and lotus
Rama the 7, wife sita, from the book Ramayana. Rama means the perfect man.
usually has four heads
located across the national museum
not too many veggie choice here, actually none
but I special ordered a veggie fried rice
and lychee drink
I suspect seafood buffet here shouldn't be too bad, but I guess it is not too vegetarian friendly
I am not too good at picking restaurant on this trip
|20:28|| veggie fried rice |
2.5US$ cheap too